The voice of agriculture . Die stem van landbou . Izwe lezokulima

SA plants smallest maize area since worst drought

News 24 Jan 29 2019

South African maize farmers, who historically produce the continent’s biggest harvest, have probably planted the smallest area with the grain since the worst drought on record three years ago.

Producers have covered 2.27 million hectares of ground with maize this season, 2.1% less than in 2018, Lusani Ndou, a senior statistician at the Pretoria-based Crop Estimates Committee, said by phone Tuesday.

That compares with 1.97 million hectares forecast in a Bloomberg survey and would be the least since the 2015-16 season.

Then, the crop was ravaged by a lack of rainfall that was the worst since records started in 1904.

The area for white corn, which is used to make a staple food, is 0.8% smaller at 1.26 million hectares, while that for yellow, generally used for animal feed, is seen shrinking 3.7% to 1.01 million hectares.

The sunflower area is 26% smaller at 444 000 hectares, the smallest in nine years, while the groundnut area, which is 66% down at 19 200 hectares, is the smallest on record.

The decline is due to less favourable rainfall and warm temperatures experienced in the peak planting window, Ndou said.

The committee reduced its estimate for the nation’s wheat crop by 1.7% to 1.8 million tons compared with its prior prediction.

South Africa produced 1.54 million tons of wheat in the previous season